Amazing Garlic Growing Stages
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8 Amazing Garlic Growing Stages: The Complete Life Cycle

You guys know that garlic is an essential and delicious ingredient in many dishes in our country. However, some are aware that garlic is not only a delicious dish but also a beautiful plant to grow in your garden. So, it is necessary to understand garlic growing stages. Because each stage requires special attention and care to get the best outcome, through this article, you guys will get complete knowledge about eight garlic growing stages, then, you can start growing garlic in your garden and will enjoy its benefits and taste.

The different garlic growing stages are:

  • Planting bulb
  • Germination of the garlic
  • Spring garlic stage
  • Scaping garlic stage
  • Young garlic bulb stage
  • Maturing garlic bulb stage
  • Flowering garlic plant stage
  • Harvesting stage

Planting Bulb

 It is one of the essential stages of garlic growing stages. You have to select carefully the garlic cloves which have to be planted in the soil prepared. You have to break the bulb into individual cloves, then, remove the covering on the outer part and leaves. 

This stage mainly occurs during the fall season. Cloves have to be individually taken and placed in the soil by covering them with mulch to protect them from harsh climatic conditions in this one of the important garlic growing stages.

Cloves must be planted in the soil at the proper distance and depth to ensure healthy growth.

FeatureRange
PlantingFall or early spring
Growth rateSlow in the beginning, then medium
Leaf colourDark green
Leaf shapeLong and narrow
Flower sizeNo flowers yet
Flower timingNo flowers yet
Flower colourNo flowers yet
Soil needsWell-drained fertile soil with the pH between 6.0 and 7.0
Fertilization requirementsNitrogen-rich fertiliser is needed in the early growth stage
Water requirementsConsistently moist soil, not soggy
Temperature requirementsCool to mild temperatures between 60-75 degrees F( 15-24 degree Celsius) 
Sunlight requirementFull sun for 6 hours per day (at least)
Pest and disease susceptibilityProne to fungal diseases and pests such as onion maggots and thrips
Time passed at this stage2-3 months
Planting bulb| garlic growing stages
Planting bulb.Image source: Microveggy

Germination of the Garlic

It is the initial stage of growing garlic, where the garlic bulb starts sprouting and develop roots. In this stage, the garlic bulb will absorb the water and the nutrients from the soil, which stimulates the shoot growth from the top of the bulb and root growth from the bottom.

Until they reach the soil surface, the shoots and roots will continue to grow. Then, at this point, the garlic plant will enter the green or spring growth stages and form the bulb.

The garlic bulb should get proper soil moisture and temperature, to ensure healthy plant growth.

FeatureRange
Planting7-10 days
Growth rate1-2 inches per week
Leaf colourDark green
Leaf shapeLong and narrow
Flower sizeNo flowers yet
Flower timingNo flowers yet
Flower colourNo flowers yet
Soil needsWell-drained soil along with OM
Fertilization requirementsWell-drained soil, along with OM
Water requirementsConsistently moist but not soggy soil
Temperature requirements60 -80 degrees F ( 15-27 degrees C)
Sunlight requirementsFull sun for 6 hours per day at least
Pest and disease susceptibilityPest like Onion maggots, thrips and nematodes and Diseases such as White rot, Downy mildew and Botrytis leaf blight
Time passed at this stage        1-2 months
Germination of the bulb| garlic growing stages
Germination of the garlic. Image source: Balcony Garden Web

Spring Garlic Stage

The spring garlic stage is one of the important garlic growing stages. In the early vegetative stage, the garlic plant is going to just emerge from the soil and will be in the process of forming bulbs. Leaves have characters such as short, bright and light green colour in this stage.

Then, the garlic plant will start forming the cloves which will mature and form bulbs in the summer months. In the vegetative stage, the garlic plant will produce leaves and roots. It mainly occurs in winter and early spring. Every garlic growing stage has its characteristics. The characteristics of this stage are the emergence of garlic plants from the soil and, the formation of cloves, then it will mature and form the bulb during the summer months.

FeatureRange
PlantingEarly vegetative stage
Growth rateJust emerging from the soil
Leaf colourBright, light green colour
Leaf shapeShort leaves
Flower sizeNo flowers yet
Flower timingNo flowers yet
Flower colourNo flowers yet
Soil needsWell-drained soil
Fertilization requirementsFertilize with nitrogen-rich fertilizer at the beginning of  
Water requirementsRegular watering, but do not overwater
Temperature requirementsCan tolerate cool temperatures but not frost
Sunlight requirementsFull sun for 6 hours a day at least
Pest and disease susceptibilitySusceptible to pests like aphids and diseases mainy rust and white rot
Time passed at this stage  A few weeks to the couple of months
Spring garlic stage | garlic growing stages
Spring garlic stage. Image source: Balcony Garden Web

Scaping garlic stage

The scaping garlic growing stages mostly occur in late spring and early summer. In this garlic growing stage, the garlic plant forms the scapes or flower stalks. Scapes have small or miniature bulbs and they can grow up to 1-2 feet long. One of the essential things in garlic growing stages is harvesting the scapes as it always encourages additional bulb growth.

When we harvest scapes before the flower is opened, which means when they are tightly curled, the energy which has gone into the flowering or seed production stage would come back into the bulb itself, which gives itself into a healthier bulb. Scapes can be used in different ways. So, we have to pay more attention to this stage.

FeatureRange
Growth rateRapid growth rate
Leaf colourDark green
Leaf shapeLong and narrow
Flower sizeNo flowers yet
Flower timingNo flowers yet
Flower colourNo flowers yet
Soil needsWell-drained soil with organic matter
Fertilization requirementsNitrogen-rich fertilizer in every 2-3 weeks
Water requirementsConsistent moisture but not waterlogged
Temperature requirementsCool to mild temperatures, around 60-70 degrees F
Sunlight requirementsFull sun light to partial shade
Pest and disease susceptibilityVery susceptible to the aphids, thrips, and the fungal-diseases
Time passed at this stageAround 2 to 3 weeks before the bulb begins to sprout
Scaping garlic stage | garlic growing stages
Scaping garlic stage. Image source: Shared Legacy Farms

Young Garlic Bulb Stage

It is the crucial stage in garlic growing stages. It happens after the plant emerges from the soil and when the first leaves appear. The characteristics of this stage are the garlic bulb emerges and the stems and leaves of the plant elongate. The duration of the early bulb stage is usually 4-6 weeks, where the plant mainly focuses on its energy on bulb formation.

The bulbing garlic growing stages follow the early bulb stage, in this stage, the garlic plant will stop the production of leaves and always focus on the production of the underground bulb. This stage of garlic growing stages mainly occurs in the spring season and on this stage, the bulb will reach its full size and the cloves will be fully formed. This stage has characteristics of firm cloves, dry, papery outer layers and this time, easy-to-peel garlic which can be used for cooking

FeatureRange
Young garlic bulb stage growth rate4-6 weeks
Leaf colourBright, light green
Leaf shapeNarrow and elongated
Flower sizeNo flowers yet
Flower timingNo flowers yet
Flower colourNo flowers yet
Soil needsThe well-drained and fertile soil with the pH range of 6.0-7.0
Fertilization requirementsApply nitrogen-rich fertilizers every 3-4 weeks
Water requirementsRegular watering. Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged
Temperature requirementsThe optimum temperature range of 60-75 degrees F. Garlic can tolerate temperatures between 50 -90 degrees F.
Sunlight requirementFull sunlight to partial shade
Pest and disease susceptibilitySusceptible to pests like onion maggots and diseases like white-rot
Time passed at this stageAfter the garlic plant emerges from soil and the first leaves have begun to appear
Young garlic bulb stage | garlic growing stages
Young garlic bulb stage. Image source: MicroVeggy

Maturing Garlic Bulb Stage

Maturing garlic bulb stage in garlic growing stages, garlic will reach its full size and cloves will be fully formed. The outer layers of the bulb will become dry and papery when the cloves become firm. In this stage, it is easy to peel the cloves and will make the garlic ready for cooking. Garlic can be harvested in the mature bulb stage itself. So, understanding garlic growing stages is essential for good cultivation

FeatureWide Range
Maturing garlic bulb stage growth rate4-6 weeks
Leaf colourYellowing, eventually turning brown
Leaf shapeElongated
Flower sizeSmall
Flower timingFlowering stage
Flower colourWhite, pink or purple
Soil needsWell-drained, fertile soil
Fertilization requirementsNitrogen-rich fertilizer every 3-4 weeks
Water requirementsConsistent moisture, but avoid overwatering
Temperature requirementsCool to mild temperatures, around 60-65 degrees F
Sunlight requirementsFull sunlight
Pest and disease susceptibilitySusceptible to fungal diseases and pests like thrips and the nematodes
Time passed at stageIt is time to harvest until leaves begin to yellow and brown
Maturing garlic bulb stage | garlic growing stages
Maturing garlic bulb stage. Image source: Micro Veggy

Flowering Garlic Plant Stage

The flowering garlic growing stages mainly occur on the tenth-month mark, which means the end of the growing cycle. Garlic plants have a long stalk containing small white flowers on this stage. After the plant reaches maturity, the stem elongates and curls at the top in this one of the important garlic growing stages.

The plant already has mature bulbs at this stage and now the focus is to produce the bulbils. The bulbils are miniature cloves which can be planted to grow the new garlic plants. The bulbils are miniature cloves which can be planted to grow new garlic plants. Bulbils are formed at the base of the flower, and when the plant has flowered, it can be harvested for planting.

Take more attention and care for harvesting the bulbils to avoid the damage or the loss of bulbils. So, the flowering stage is one of the important garlic growing stages.

FeatureWide Range
Flowering garlic plant stageFlowering stage is the last garlic growing stage
Growth rateSlow
Leaf colourGreen
Leaf shapeLong, narrow and flat
Flower sizeSmall ( around ½ inch in diameter)
Flower timingLate spring to early summer
Flower colourWhite or pink
Soil needsWell-drained, loose as well as fertile soil
Fertilization requirementsNo fertilization is required during this stage
Water requirementIn the flowering stage Garlic plants require moderate level of watering
Temperature requirementThe ideal temperature for the garlic flowering stage is between 60-75 degrees F ( 15.5 -24 degree Celsius)
Sunlight requirementsGarlic plant requires full sunlight to produce flowers
Pest or disease susceptibilityGarlic plants are less susceptible to pests or diseases in the flowering stage
Time passed at the stageDepending on the growing conditions, the flowering stage typically lasts 2-4 weeks
Flowering garlic plant stage| garlic growing stages
Flowering garlic plant stage. Image source: I Stock

Harvesting Stage

The harvesting stage is the critical part of garlic growing stages b/w late July and early October. Garlic bulbs can be harvested at the stage when the bottom leaves start to dry and turn brown. In this garlic growing stage, to make the production maximum, sure that garlic is harvested at the right time. After harvesting, garlic should be dried and cured for storage. This is the last stage of the garlic growing stages which marks the end of the garlic growing cycle.

FeatureRange
Harvesting stage growth rateSlows down during the harvesting stage
Leaf colourYellow to dry out during the harvesting stage
Leaf shapeLong & narrow
Flower sizeProduce small, six petaled flowers during flowering stage
Flower timingTypically flower in the hot summer day, around June or July
Flower colourWhite or pink
Soil needsGarlic plants well -well-draining soil with the pH between 6.0 and 7.0
Fertilization requirementApplication of Balanced fertilizer during planting and growing
Water requirementsThe plant requires regular watering, keeping the soil moist but not water-logged
Temperature requirementsPrefer cooler temperature, ranging from 60-75 degrees F during the growing period
Sunlight requirementsRequires full sun exposure, with 6 hours of direct sunlight daily at least
Pest and disease susceptibilitySusceptible to diseases like garlic rust and pests like onion maggots and thrips
Time passed at the stageTypically occurs 7 to 8 months after planting, depending on the variety and growing conditions
Harvesting stage | garlic growing stages
Harvesting stage. Image source: Garden Betty

Conclusion

Now, we discussed 8 amazing garlic growing stages. You know that all parts of garlic are edible like leaves, stems and bulbs. You are aware guys, right, that garlic plants have so many purposes. Now, you know that the garlic plant has so many advantages. So, for that, you have to know about 8 garlic growing stages. So, go, through this article guys.